INFORMATION ABOUT NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19)

​​​​​​ABOUT NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19)​​​

The novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus identified on January 13, 2020, after research in a group of patients who developed respiratory tract symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath) in Wuhan Province in late December. The outbreak was initially detected in those in the seafood and animal market in this region. Then it spread from person to person and spread to other cities in the province of Hubei, mainly Wuhan, and other provinces of the People's Republic of China.
​According to the data obtained, those who have advanced age and concomitant disease (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) are at higher risk of developing the virus. With current data, it is known that the disease progresses in 10-15% of cases, and death in approximately 2% of cases.
It is transmitted by inhalation of droplets scattered in the environment by the sneezing of sick individuals. After touching the surfaces contaminated with the respiratory particles of the patients, the virus can be removed by taking the hands to the face, eyes, nose or mouth without washing. It is risky to touch the eyes, nose or mouth with dirty hands.
Molecular tests required for the 2019 novel coronavirus diagnosis are available in our country. The diagnostic test is performed only in the National Virology Reference Laboratory of the General Directorate of Public Health.​

SYMPTOMS

The incubation period of the virus is between 2 days and 14 days. Sudden onset of high fever (39 ° C), cough and shortness of breath are prominent features of the disease. Some patients also had a sore throat and runny nose. In the later stages of the disease, conditions such as lung infection, severe acute respiratory infection, and kidney failure may occur. As mentioned, the main symptoms of the error are as follows:

  • High fever (39 °C)
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Runny nose
  • Throat ache

SUGGESTIONS

The basic principles proposed to reduce the overall risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections also apply to the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). These are;
  • Attention should be paid to hand cleaning. Hands should be washed with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, and alcohol-based hand antiseptics should be used in the absence of soap and water. There is no need to use soap with antiseptic or antibacterial, normal soap is enough.
  • The mouth, nose, and eyes should not be touched without washing hands.
  • Sick people should avoid contact (if possible, be at least 1 meter away).
  • Hands should be washed frequently, especially after direct contact with sick people or their environment.
  • Today, there is no need for healthy people to use masks in our country. The person suffering from any viral respiratory infection should cover his nose and mouth with a disposable tissue paper during coughing or sneezing, if there is no paper tissue, use the elbow inside, if possible, not entering crowded places, if necessary, closing the mouth and nose, using a medical mask if possible, is recommended.

SUGGESTIONS FOR THOSE WHO TRAVEL​​

  • Attention should be paid to hand cleaning. Hands should be washed with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, and alcohol-based hand antiseptics should be used in the absence of soap and water. There is no need to use soap with antiseptic or antibacterial, normal soap is enough.
  • The mouth, nose, and eyes should not be touched without washing hands.
  • Sick people should avoid contact with other people (if possible, be at least 1 meter away).
  • Hands should be cleaned frequently, especially after direct contact with sick people or their environment.
  • If possible, it should not be visited health centers due to the presence of patients, and contact with other patients should be minimized when it is necessary to go to the health institution.
  • During coughing or sneezing, the nose and mouth should be covered with a disposable tissue paper, in cases where there is no tissue paper, the inside of the elbow should be used, if possible, it should not be entered in crowded places, if it is necessary to enter, mouth and nose should be closed, and a medical mask should be used.
  • Eating raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Well-cooked foods should be preferred.
  • High-risk areas for general infections, such as farms, livestock markets, and areas where animals can be slaughtered, should be avoided.
  • ​If there are any respiratory symptoms within 14 days after travel, a mask should be worn and go to the nearest health institution, and the doctor should be informed about the travel history.

LEAFLETS BY TR MINISTRY OF HEALTH

TR_K.png ENG_K.png AR_K.png
RUSCA_K.png GURCUCE_K.png FARSCA_K.png
Click on the picture to enlarge.

USEFUL LINKS​